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Introduction  


  1. Welcome
  2. Recent Updates
  3. Site Overview
  4. The Society
  5. The One-Name Study
  6. The Origin of Warburton
  7. Warburton Statistics
  8. Warburton Distribution


Introduction

Welcome 

Welcome to the Warburton Website, home of the Warburton One-Name Study (registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies), the Warburton Surname DNA Project, and the Warburton Society.

The Warburton Society is designed for anyone who has, or was born with, the Warburton name, or who has close links to it. There is no cost involved ,and you will receive a periodic Newsletter via the Internet. In return your input could be valuable to me, and I might be able to link you to one of the Warburton families I have already uncovered. Membership of the Society is achieved by joining the Surname DNA Project, where you now have the option to join without taking a DNA test. Just click here to go to the DNA Heritage join page, or if you have a query or comment click here to send me an email.

Recent Updates 

23-July-10 One new DNA result with update to haplotypes. Updates to My Genealogy including my non-Warburton lines, and introducing a Fan Chart. Updates to several clans including Hale Barns, Shocklach, Edenfield, Coppenhall, West Virginia, Ringley, and New South Wales.
30-May-10 One large Clan and 2 new DNA results added. DNA analysis section reworked to include new mutation rates. A Phylogenetic Tree added for the Hale Barns clan.
14-Jan-10 A redesign of the website to improve navigation and add on-line trees and charts. Several minor corrections in the process.
19-Oct-09 The thirteenth DNA result, plus a strange match to a non-Warburton, the Garryhinch Clan, the Turton Clans, a Wilmslow families spreadsheet (plus amendments to Bowdon and Mobberley), South Cheshire Parish Register Information renamed Miscellaneous Parish Register Information with entries from Warrington, and Bolton (Turton ad Walmsley) added, the Warburton Society announcement, and a DNA test price reduction all added

26-July-09 Two more Descendant Reports added. Arley and Hale Barns Clans have minor updates. My Genealogy Notes amended to be more consistent, and My Ancestors amended.


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Site Overview 

This site contains the following sections.

Home of The Warburton One-Name Study. This is this section, and it includes an introduction to the site, the study, and the name of Warburton

Warburton Clans. The main focus of a One-Name Study is to document occurrences of the name throughout the world, and regardless of whether the holders are actually related. The Warburton One-Name Study will tackle this by grouping occurrences into clans, documenting them as a Descendants Report (in PDF format) for the earliest known ancestor of that clan, and assigning a DNA profile to the clan where possible. This section introduces the clans and provides links to the Descendant Reports where they exist.

Warburton Resources. This site is also offered as a repository for any useful information on Warburtons that might exist. The initially items are from my own research. Typically items will be presented in either Spreadsheet of PDF format to allow their downloading. This section provides a description and link to each resource.

My Genealogy. This section describes my own genealogical research and findings and includes a link to My Family Tree, an Ancestor Report in PDF format, and some essays on interesting aspects. The whole of the text of the section and its associated essays can also be obtained as a PDF file called Warburton Genealogy Notes.

The DNA Project. The Warburton Surname DNA Project has been running for 3 years. This section covers participation in the project and results to date. The text is also available as a PDF document called The Warburton Surname DNA Project.

About DNA Testing. This section contains a description of the science of DNA testing for genealogical purposes and includes some references. The text is also included in The Warburton Surname DNA Project PDF document.

My Old Home Page. This is a legacy of my former life. I have difficulty throwing things away.

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The Society 

DNA Heritage have now provided a facility for anyone to join the Warburton Surname DNA Project, regardless of whether they take a test. Over time they intend to provide additional facilities for managing a membership list. I intend to use this facility to support a Warburton Society designed for anyone who is interested in Warburton family history, and in the progress of the One-Name Study.

I will produce a Newsletter at least twice per year for distribution via email to Society members. Contributions to the Newsletter will always be welcome. Membership carries no obligations, but just by joining you give moral support to my project. I would of course appreciate any additional support to my project that is offered.

Just click here to go to the DNA Heritage join page.

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The One-Name Study 

By registering this study with the Guild of One-Name Studies I commit to two things:

         To collect references to the Warburton name on a world-wide basis

         To deal promptly with enquiries. The tree will include the spouses of female Warburtons, and a note of their children where known

In addressing the first I do not intend to repeat basic information that is available elsewhere on the Internet in censuses, BMD sites or IGI. My emphasis will be refined, or more obscure information. The main refinement is to present the Warburton clans. These are groups of related Warburtons with a common ancestor. However it is open for anyone to provide information for inclusion, and all relevant information will be accepted.

By presenting information in PDF or spreadsheet format I hope to make it readily accessible to researchers. Hopefully this will help with my second commitment, to respond promptly to queries. There are several points in the site where you are invited to email me.  I hope the many of you I have already corresponded with have found me diligent in this respect, though perhaps not always able to provide the information you seek. Also I do take holidays on a regular basis so the occasional delay is unavoidable.

Central to the Study will be the Warburton Surname DNA Project. Data collected so far indicates a number of distinct Warburton clans with different DNA profiles. The Study will aim to establish the descendants of the earliest known ancestor in each identified Warburton clan, and to associate a DNA profile to that clan, or to part of it.

Clans are documented in both textual (PDF) format, and as an on-line Tree. There is als a  name Index. Guidelines for using the the various forms are included on the Warburton Clans page.

The Guild of One Name Studies has an arrangement with LostCousins. Because of the size of the Warburton Study use of this facility will involve a large data entry activity. There are over 1500 Warburton heads of family in the 1881 census before considering overseas censuses. I will keep this option under review for now pending feedback or offers of help.

I do not intend to provide a discussion board on this site. There are already Warburton discussion boards on Ancestry, Rootsweb, and Genealogy.com.

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The Origin of Warburton

The following story of the founding and naming of Warburton is taken from Warburton: The Village and the Family  by Norman Warburton, published by The Research Publishing Company in 1970. The book is out of print and the publishing company is no longer in existence. I have located copies in the British Library, the Chester Records Office and at the Family History Centre in Salt Lake City. A nephew of the author has arranged for the text to be placed online.

In 626AD, Mercia defeated of the kingdom of Northumbria and established the river Mersey as the northern border of the kingdom. Subsequently Wolfere became the first Christian king of Mercia. His daughter Werberg devoted her life to the community, and became Lady President of Weedon and Abbess of Ely. She died in 700AD and was buried at Hanbury near Repton. In 875AD she was canonised and her body was moved to Chester. Queen Ethelfleda (daughter of King Alfred and wife of Ethelred of Mercia) built a monastery in her name.  It was situated just west of the Lady Chapel of Chester Cathedral, where St. Werberg’s tomb can still be found. In 915AD Ethelfleda, now widowed, was fighting the Danes who were on the Wirral peninsular. She built a series of forts, one of which was situated by a ford on the river Mersey. This she named after St. Werberg (also spelt Werburgh or Werburghe). This settlement became known as Werbergtune and is so recorded in the Doomsday Book. In 991AD it paid Dane geld of ten shillings, suggesting a prosperous settlement. The name ending of “–ton” or   “–tun” implies a farm enclosed by a ditch, moat or fence.

The village of Warburton still exists today, though it is little more than a hamlet, and it is no longer on the banks of the river Mersey which was diverted during the building of the Manchester Ship Canal

The surname Warburton is therefore a locative surname. In the 13th and 14th  centuries the growth of feudalism and the associated requirement for record keeping  was causing the common man to adopt surnames for the first time. A man might use his father’s name, the name of a trade, or in the case of locative names, the name of his home or birthplace.

Only one adopter of the Warburton name is known, though the situation is slightly different in that Sir Peter (or Piers) de Dutton was not a common man, and he already had a name which he changed when he adopted the name de Werberton in the 13th century, because he lived on his estates there. Two hundred years later the family moved to Arley Hall in Great Budworth, where their descendents still live today, although the inheritance has twice passed through the female line and so the Warburton name has been lost.

In his book Warburton: The Village and the Family,  Norman Warburton details the descent of this aristocratic Warburton family from Adam de Dutton, a descendant of Lord Odard, and suggests that all modern Warburtons may be descended from one of its many branches. Locative surnames may well have a single ancestor, but it is probable, particularly in the light of the DNA results discussed below, that a number of individuals adopted the Warburton name in medieval times.

The origins of the de Duttons are explained in the following quote from "Leyester's Historical Antiquities", pp. 248-260, published in 1673. Sir Peter Leycester of Tabley was himself a member of an ancient Cheshire family with links to the Duttons:

The Warburtons claim consanguinity with the ancient blood-royal of England, being descended from Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy, through William, Earl of Eu, who …. married a sister of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Avranches, (afterwards Earl of Chester) named Jeanne, and niece of William the Conqueror. There was Issue of this marriage (besides William's successor in the earldom of Eu and another child) six sons, named Nigel, Geffry, Odard or Huddard, Edard, Horswin and Wlofaith. These six brothers accompanied their uncle, Hugh Lupus, into England, in the train of William the Conqueror, their great-uncle; and on the establishment of the Norman power had various estates and honors conferred upon them. Nigel was created Baron of Halton and constable of Cheshire; Geffry was Lord of Stopfort; Odard, Lord of Dutton; Edard, Lord of Haselwell; Horswin, Lord of Shrigley; and Wlofaith, Lord of Halton. Odard, the third son, was the ancestor of the Duttons, now extinct in the male line; the Barons of Chedill, also extinct, and the Warburtons.

The following extract from "The History of the City & County Palatine of Chester" by George Ormerod in 1882 is based on Sir Peter’s work:

WILLIAM FITZ-NIGEL, 2nd Baron of Halton, Constable of Cheshire, was by right of office ranked above all subjects of the Palatinate, next to the Earl of Chester.

With the father of this William, Nigel Fitz-lvon (1st Baron of Halton) , came five "supposedly brothers" from whom descend the DUTTON'S, WARBURTON'S, HATTON'S, and other ancient Cheshire families, and from circumstances of tenure, united to similarity of arms, it appears probable that the LYMME'S and DANIELL'S were also of this noble stock.

However it must be noted that there is no contemporary evidence of this link to William the Conqueror, and Sir Peter Leicester himself cast doubt saying in his section on the Duttons: The ancient Roll of the Barons of Halton saith that with Hugh, Earl of Chester, came one Nigell, a nobleman; and with Nigell came five brethren, to wit: Hudard, Edard, Wolmere, Horswyne, and Wolfaith, a Priest, to whom Nigell gave the Church of Runcorne; and unto Hudard, the same Nigell gave Weston and Great Aston, (now divided into two Townships, Aston Grange and Aston juxta Sutton,)….; and from this Hudard came all the Duttons. And in the Record of Doomsday, Odard held Aston under William Fitz-Nigell, Baron of Halton; and also Odard and Brictric held Weston under the said William, Anno Domini 1086. Whether those five Brethren aforenamed, were Brethren to Nigell, is a doubt; for then methinks he should have said Quinque Fratres sui: whereas he says onely, cum isto Nigello Venerunt quinque Fratres, and so names them.

Lysons' Magna Britannia, Vol. II. says that Odard, son of Yvron, viscount of Constantine (Cotentin) ….. was the Immediate ancestor of the ancient and numerous family of Dutton of Dutton. A number of genealogies can be found on the web showing that Odard, and his brothers were the sons of the Viscount of Cotentin. Alas there is no contemporary evidence for this either.

It would seem that claims of consanguinity with William the Conqueror have a hint of family legend, and aggrandisement, about them. A link to a viscount sounds more plausible, and there may well have been five brothers (though it cannot be discounted that hey were simply “brothers-in-arms). The establishment of a DNA profile for the only existing Warburton family which has a claim (albeit undocumented) to kinship with the descendants of Odard gives some support to the link to Cotentin.

The DNA profile has a haplotype of J2. The distribution of J2 derives from its role as a marker for the post Ice Age Neolithic expansion which brought farming to Europe.  J2 is virtually absent from Scandinavia, and both Wales, NW England, and Ireland, but it is present SE England, and across the Channel in France. If we assume this haplotype is inherited from Odard then how did he get it? It certainly is difficult to explain in terms of the various family claims of kinship with the Dukes of Normandy. Much more believable (though still lacking contemporary documentary evidence) is the story that Odard and his brothers were sons of the Viscount of Cotentin. It seems likely that to be part of Hugh d'Avranche's retinue, and to receive the favours they did, they would be part of at least the minor nobility in Normandy. It is also conceivable that they might be of original French stock who, maybe as a result of intermarriage, managed to prosper under the Normans. Now Cotentin, or the Cherbourg peninsular is the sort of maritime area that coastally migrating Neolithics might end up in. Conjecture I know, but the most likely explanation of how Odard might have got the J2 haplotype.

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Warburton Statistics

Some interesting statistics (if anyone has numbers for Australia, New Zealand or Canada please let me know):

         The UK National Health Service Register has 10,069 Warburtons in the UK in 2002.

         The US 2000 census shows there were 2,610 Warburtons representing 0.001% of the  population, which ranked 11,150 in the list of most common names.


1841

 3670

1851

 4194

1861

 5190

1871

 5997

1881

 7373

1891

 8064

1901

 8829


1851 Census – Cheshire Warburtons:

       A total of 996 Warburtons were living in Cheshire, of whom 493 were male. There were 190 Warburton heads of family, of whom 158 were born in Cheshire. However 207 heads of family born in Cheshire were living anywhere in England.

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Warburton Distribution

The following maps show the UK distribution of the Warburton name in 1881 and 1998. They are taken from the National trust Website. The origin of the name on the Cheshire and Lancashire border is clearly indicated.


WARBURTON DISTRIBUTION (1881)


WARBURTON DISTRIBUTION (1998)



The same site describes the geographical spread of the name. The highest concentration of Warburtons in Great Britain is in Bolton, Lancashire. The highest concentration outside Britain is in Australia, with the top state being Western Australia. However it is known that there is a large colony of Egerton Warburtons, a distinct if related family, in Western Australia, particularly around Pallinup which is described as the top standard statistical division. The Egerton Warburtons are descended from the Warburtons of Arley Hall, Cheshire through the female line.

There are also numbers of Warburtons in New Zealand (Marlborough is the top Province), Canada (there are 250 entries in the Canada 411 directory), and the United States (Utah is the top State). Interestingly the concentration in the Republic of Ireland is very low although one of the more interesting and widespread Warburton families has its origins there in the seventeenth century.

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Links

There are a number of links scattered through the text on the various pages. They are listed here for quick access.

Introduction

Message Boards:
Ancestry
Rootsweb
Genealogy.com

LostCousins
Warburton: The Village and the Family by Norman Warburton
UK National Health Service Register
US 1990 census
National Trust website


Warburton Clans

Warburton Family Trees
Index


The  Warburtons of Arley Hall Chart PDF
The Warburtons of Garryhinch
Chart PDF
  chronicle
The Warburtons of Warburton Village Chart1 Chart2 Chart3 Chart4 Chart5 Chart6 PDF
The Warburtons of Edenfield Chart PDF
The Mongan Warburtons
Chart PDF
The Warburtons of Hale Barns
Chart1  Chart2  Chart3  Chart4  Chart5  PDF
  Genetic links
  The Descendants of William Warburton of Ashton-upon-Mersey
Chart PDF
  The Descendants of William Warburton of Widnes
Chart PDF
  The Descendants of Hamlet Warburton of Warrington
Chart PDF
The Descendants of Bancroft Warburton
Chart PDF
  notes
The Warburtons of New South Wales
Chart  PDF
The Descendants of Alice Warburton of Wilmslow
Chart PDF
The Shocklach Warburtons 
Chart1 Chart2 Chart3 Chart4 Chart5 PDF
The Weaverham Warburtons
Chart PDF 
  Warburton's War: The Life of Wing Commander Adrian Warburton, DSO, DFC (on Amazon)
  Wikipedia entry      
The Warburtons of Sandbach
Chart PDF
The Warburtons of Turton
Chart1 Chart2 Chart3 PDF
The Warburtons of Coppenhall Chart PDF
The Warburtons of West Virginia
Chart  PDF
The Warburtons of Tottington
 Descendant Report
 Descendant Chart with Index

Warburton Resources

Misspellings in Censuses
Bowdon Families
Mobberley Families
Wilmslow Families
Miscellaneous Parish Register Information
Hale Chapel Baptism Record
Crewe Estate Records notes
Stamford Estate Records notes
Warburton Landholdings in Hale
Warburtons named Josiah
Warburton Wills
Wills sources
Oaths and Taxes
Precis of Warburton: The Village and the Family
Marriage in the Cathedral

My Genealogy

My Family Tree
My Fan Chart
Warburton Genealogy Notes
My Genetic Links
Ann's Ancestors
James Warburton

Useful sites:
Ancestry
FamilySearch

Genes Reunite
d
Family Relatives
Cheshire BMD
Lancashire BMD
FamilySearch 
GENUKI
FindMyPast
FreeBMD
Chester Records Office
 
wills
 tithes

The DNA Project

The Warburton Surname DNA Project
Join Page
Ybase
Ysearch
Results Table
Phylogenetic Tree

MRCA Calculators:
Moses Walker

Ann Turner
BG Galbraith


Haplogroup Predictor
Eupedia.com


Piia Serk paper on the Jasmine haplotype 

About DNA Testing

My Genetic Links

DNA Heritage:
Tutorial
Masterclass
FAQs

Books (links to Amazon):
Stephen Oppenhiemer:
Out of Eden’
'The Origins of the British'
Bryan Sykes:
‘The Seven Daughters of Eve’
Adam’s Curse’
'Blood of the Isles'
Richard Dawkins:
The Selfish Gene
Chris Pomery:
DNA and Family History’ and
website

Others:
Davenport website
ISOGG.
Oxford Ancestors'