Welcome to the
Warburton Website, home of the
Warburton One-Name Study (registered with the Guild
of One-Name Studies), the Warburton Surname DNA Project,
and the Warburton
The Warburton Society is
designed for anyone who has, or was born with, the Warburton name, or
close links to it. There is no cost involved ,and you will receive a
Newsletter via the Internet. In return your input could be valuable to
me, and I
might be able to link you to one of the Warburton families I have
uncovered. Membership of the Society is achieved by joining the Surname
Project, where you now have the option to join without taking a DNA
to go to the DNA Heritage join page, or if you have a query or comment
to send me an email.
One new DNA result with update to haplotypes. Updates to My Genealogy
including my non-Warburton lines, and introducing a Fan Chart. Updates
to several clans including Hale Barns, Shocklach, Edenfield, Coppenhall, West Virginia, Ringley, and New South Wales.
30-May-10 One large Clan
and 2 new DNA results added. DNA analysis section
reworked to include new mutation rates. A Phylogenetic Tree added for
the Hale Barns clan.
14-Jan-10 A redesign of the website
to improve navigation and add on-line trees and charts. Several minor
corrections in the process.
19-Oct-09 The thirteenth DNA
result, plus a strange match to a non-Warburton, the Garryhinch Clan,
Clans, a Wilmslow families spreadsheet (plus amendments to Bowdon and
Mobberley), South Cheshire Parish Register Information renamed
Parish Register Information with entries from Warrington, and Bolton
Walmsley) added, the Warburton Society announcement, and a DNA test
reduction all added
26-July-09 Two more
Reports added. Arley and Hale Barns Clans have minor updates. My
Notes amended to be more consistent, and My Ancestors amended.
This site contains the
Home of The Warburton
This is this section, and it includes an introduction to the site, the
and the name of Warburton
Warburton Clans. The main focus of
One-Name Study is to document occurrences of the name throughout the
regardless of whether the holders are actually related. The Warburton
Study will tackle this by grouping occurrences into clans, documenting
them as a
Descendants Report (in PDF format) for the earliest known ancestor of
and assigning a DNA profile to the clan where possible. This section
the clans and provides links to the Descendant Reports where they exist.
This site is also offered as a repository for any useful information on
Warburtons that might exist. The initially items are from my own
Typically items will be presented in either Spreadsheet of PDF format
their downloading. This section provides a description and link to each
My Genealogy. This section describes my
genealogical research and findings and includes a link to My
an Ancestor Report in PDF format, and some essays on interesting
whole of the text of the section and its associated essays can also be
as a PDF file called Warburton Genealogy Notes.
The DNA Project. The Warburton Surname DNA
Project has been running for 3 years. This section covers participation
project and results to date. The text is also available as a PDF
document called The Warburton Surname DNA Project.
About DNA Testing. This section contains a
description of the science of DNA testing for genealogical purposes and
some references. The text is also included in The Warburton
Project PDF document.
My Old Home Page. This is a legacy of my
former life. I have difficulty throwing things away.
DNA Heritage have now
provided a facility for anyone
to join the Warburton Surname DNA Project, regardless of whether they
test. Over time they intend to provide additional facilities for
membership list. I intend to use this facility to support a Warburton
designed for anyone who is interested in Warburton family history, and
progress of the One-Name Study.
I will produce a
Newsletter at least twice per year
for distribution via email to Society members. Contributions to the
will always be welcome. Membership carries no obligations, but just by
you give moral support to my project. I would of course appreciate any
additional support to my project that is offered.
Just click here
to go to the DNA Heritage join page.
By registering this study
with the Guild of One-Name
Studies I commit to two things:
collect references to the Warburton name on a world-wide
deal promptly with enquiries. The tree will include the
spouses of female Warburtons, and a note of their children where known
In addressing the first I
do not intend to repeat
basic information that is available elsewhere on the Internet in
sites or IGI. My emphasis will be refined, or more obscure information.
refinement is to present the Warburton clans. These are groups of
Warburtons with a common ancestor. However it is open for anyone to
information for inclusion, and all relevant information will be
By presenting information
in PDF or spreadsheet format
I hope to make it readily accessible to researchers. Hopefully this
with my second commitment, to respond promptly to queries. There are
points in the site where you are invited to email
me. I hope the many of you I have
already corresponded with have found me diligent in this respect,
not always able to provide the information you seek. Also I do take
a regular basis so the occasional delay is unavoidable.
Central to the Study will
be the Warburton Surname DNA
Project. Data collected so far indicates a number of distinct Warburton
with different DNA profiles. The Study will aim to establish the
the earliest known ancestor in each identified Warburton clan, and to
a DNA profile to that clan, or to part of it.
are documented in both textual (PDF) format, and as an on-line Tree.
There is als a name Index. Guidelines for using the the various
forms are included on the Warburton
The Guild of
One Name Studies has an arrangement with LostCousins.
Because of the size of the Warburton Study use of this facility will
large data entry activity. There are over 1500 Warburton heads of
family in the
1881 census before considering overseas censuses. I will keep this
review for now pending feedback or offers of help.
I do not intend to
provide a discussion board on this
site. There are already Warburton discussion boards on Ancestry, Rootsweb,
Origin of Warburton
The following story of
the founding and naming of
Warburton is taken from Warburton: The Village and the Family by
Norman Warburton, published by The Research Publishing Company in 1970.
is out of print and the publishing company is no longer in existence. I
located copies in the British Library, the Chester Records Office and
Family History Centre in Salt Lake City. A nephew of the author has
arranged for the text to be placed online.
In 626AD, Mercia defeated
the kingdom of Northumbria and established the river Mersey as the
border of the kingdom. Subsequently Wolfere became the first Christian
Mercia. His daughter Werberg devoted her life to the community, and
President of Weedon and Abbess of Ely. She died in 700AD and was buried
Hanbury near Repton. In 875AD she was canonised and her body was moved
Chester. Queen Ethelfleda (daughter of King Alfred and wife of Ethelred
Mercia) built a monastery in her name. It
was situated just west of the Lady Chapel of Chester Cathedral, where
Werberg’s tomb can still be found. In 915AD Ethelfleda, now widowed,
fighting the Danes who were on the Wirral peninsular. She built a
forts, one of which was situated by a ford on the river Mersey. This
after St. Werberg (also spelt Werburgh or Werburghe). This settlement
known as Werbergtune and is so recorded in the Doomsday Book. In 991AD
Dane geld of ten shillings, suggesting a prosperous settlement. The
of “–ton” or “–tun”
implies a farm enclosed by a ditch, moat or fence.
The village of Warburton
still exists today, though it
is little more than a hamlet, and it is no longer on the banks of the
Mersey which was diverted during the building of the Manchester Ship
The surname Warburton is
therefore a locative surname.
In the 13th and 14th centuries
the growth of feudalism and the associated
requirement for record keeping was
causing the common man to adopt surnames for the first time. A man
might use his
father’s name, the name of a trade, or in the case of locative names,
of his home or birthplace.
Only one adopter of the
Warburton name is known,
though the situation is slightly different in that Sir Peter (or Piers)
Dutton was not a common man, and he already had a name which he changed
adopted the name de Werberton in the 13th century, because
on his estates there. Two hundred years later the family moved to Arley
Great Budworth, where their descendents still live today, although the
inheritance has twice passed through the female line and so the
has been lost.
In his book Warburton:
Village and the Family, Norman
Warburton details the descent of this aristocratic Warburton family
from Adam de
Dutton, a descendant of Lord Odard, and suggests that all modern
be descended from one of its many branches. Locative surnames may well
single ancestor, but it is probable, particularly in the light of the
results discussed below, that a number of individuals adopted the
in medieval times.
The origins of the de
Duttons are explained in the
following quote from "Leyester's Historical Antiquities", pp. 248-260,
published in 1673. Sir Peter Leycester of Tabley was himself a member
ancient Cheshire family with links to the Duttons:
The Warburtons claim consanguinity with the ancient
being descended from Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy, through
William, Earl of
Eu, who …. married a sister of Hugh Lupus, Earl of Avranches,
of Chester) named Jeanne, and niece of William the Conqueror. There was
this marriage (besides William's successor in the earldom of Eu and
child) six sons, named Nigel, Geffry, Odard or Huddard, Edard, Horswin
Wlofaith. These six brothers accompanied their uncle, Hugh Lupus, into
in the train of William the Conqueror, their great-uncle; and on the
establishment of the Norman power had various estates and honors
them. Nigel was created Baron of Halton and constable of Cheshire;
Lord of Stopfort; Odard, Lord of Dutton; Edard, Lord of Haselwell;
of Shrigley; and Wlofaith, Lord of Halton. Odard, the third son, was
ancestor of the Duttons, now extinct in the male line; the Barons of
also extinct, and the Warburtons.
The following extract
from "The History of the
City & County Palatine of Chester" by George Ormerod in 1882 is
on Sir Peter’s work:
WILLIAM FITZ-NIGEL, 2nd
Baron of Halton, Constable of
Cheshire, was by right of office ranked above all subjects of the
next to the Earl of Chester.
With the father of this
William, Nigel Fitz-lvon (1st
Baron of Halton) , came five "supposedly brothers" from whom descend
the DUTTON'S, WARBURTON'S, HATTON'S, and other ancient Cheshire
from circumstances of tenure, united to similarity of arms, it appears
that the LYMME'S and DANIELL'S were also of this noble stock.
However it must be noted
that there is no contemporary
evidence of this link to William the Conqueror, and Sir Peter Leicester
cast doubt saying in his section on the Duttons: The ancient Roll of the
Barons of Halton saith that with
Hugh, Earl of Chester, came one Nigell, a nobleman; and with Nigell
brethren, to wit: Hudard, Edard, Wolmere, Horswyne, and Wolfaith, a
whom Nigell gave the Church of Runcorne; and unto Hudard, the same
Weston and Great Aston, (now divided into two Townships, Aston Grange
juxta Sutton,)….; and from this Hudard came all the Duttons. And in the
of Doomsday, Odard held Aston under William Fitz-Nigell, Baron of
also Odard and Brictric held Weston under the said William, Anno Domini
Whether those five Brethren aforenamed, were Brethren to Nigell, is a
then methinks he should have said Quinque Fratres sui: whereas he says
cum isto Nigello Venerunt quinque Fratres, and so names them.
Lysons' Magna Britannia,
Vol. II. says that Odard,
son of Yvron, viscount of Constantine (Cotentin) ….. was the Immediate
ancestor of the ancient and numerous family of Dutton of Dutton. A
genealogies can be found on the web showing that Odard, and his
the sons of the Viscount of Cotentin. Alas there is no contemporary
It would seem that claims
of consanguinity with
William the Conqueror have a hint of family legend, and aggrandisement,
them. A link to a viscount sounds more plausible, and there may well
five brothers (though it cannot be discounted that hey were simply
“brothers-in-arms). The establishment of a DNA profile for the only
Warburton family which has a claim (albeit undocumented) to kinship
descendants of Odard gives some support to the link to Cotentin.
The DNA profile has a
haplotype of J2. The
distribution of J2 derives from its role as a marker for the post Ice
Neolithic expansion which brought farming to Europe.
J2 is virtually absent from Scandinavia, and both Wales,
England, and Ireland, but it is present SE England, and
across the Channel in
France. If we assume this haplotype
is inherited from Odard then how did he get it? It certainly is
explain in terms of the various family claims of kinship with the Dukes of Normandy. Much
more believable (though still
lacking contemporary documentary evidence) is the story that Odard and
brothers were sons of the Viscount of Cotentin. It seems likely that to
of Hugh d'Avranche's retinue, and to receive the favours they did, they
part of at least the minor nobility in Normandy. It
is also conceivable that they might
be of original French stock who, maybe as a result of intermarriage,
prosper under the Normans. Now
Cotentin, or the Cherbourg
peninsular is the sort of maritime area that coastally migrating
might end up in. Conjecture I know, but the most likely explanation of
might have got the J2 haplotype.
statistics (if anyone has numbers for Australia, New Zealand or Canada
please let me know):
National Health Service Register has 10,069 Warburtons in the UK in
US 2000 census shows there were 2,610 Warburtons
representing 0.001% of the
population, which ranked 11,150 in the list of most common names.