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*** ACTIONS IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS, 1967 ***
excerpt from the book, 'Nam - The Vietnam Experience 1965 - 1975


"In early January 1967, the US 4th Infantry Division moved into the western area of the Central Highlands, determined to engage the NVA 1st and 10th Divisions.  Operation Sam Houston began immediately, with US units clearing the plains of Pleiku and Kontum Provinces, prepatory to more substantial campaigns west of the Nam Sathay River.
The 2nd Brigade of the 4th Division crossed the river in mid-February, entering some of the most difficult terrain imaginable.  Mist-shrouded valleys, covered in dense jungle were overshadowed by rugged mountains; daylight temperatures soared above 105 degrees and water was scarce; artillery and air support was virtually impossible to organize.  Joined by the 1st Brigade, the 4th Division pushed slowly westwards, hoping to trap the NVA close to the Cambodian border.  Instead, they suffered constant ambush in ideal guerrilla terrain.  By mid-March, both brigades had been forced to pull back east of the Se Sanh River; Sam Houston ended officially on 5 April.
Operation Francis Marion began immediately, taking advantage of the summer monsoon.  The 4th Division now concentrated in the flat rolling hills of western Pleiku, south of the Se Sanh River, guarding the border against NVA infiltration.  It was a campaign that was to continue until 12 October, by which time the Division, having suffered continuous ambush, was close to exhaustion.
By October, it was clear that the NVA were concentrating further north, in western Kontum.  US forces, including the 173rd Airborne Brigade, moved to counter this in Operations Greely and MacArthur.  They fought in Kontum, Pleiku and Phu Bon Provinces in late October and throughout November.  MacArthur culminated in the major battle of Dak To and, when it ended in late November, the NVA had been forced back across the Cambodian border."



4TH INFANTRY DIVISION HISTORY IN THE VIETNAM WAR
excerpt from a history written by:
Bob Babcock, President of the 4th Infantry Division Association


Led in August 1966 by the 2nd Brigade, the Ivy Division headquarters closed into the central highlands of Vietnam on September 25, 1966 to begin a combat assignment against the North Vietnamese that would not end until December 7, 1970.
Eleven additional battle streamers would be added to the 4th Infantry Division colors as the Ivy soldiers fought in places such as the Ia Drang Valley, Plei Trap Valley, Fire Base Gold, Dak To, the Oasis, Kontum, Pleiku, An Khe, and Cambodia.  With the largest assigned area of operations of any division in Vietnam, the Ivy division was charged with screening the border of South Vietnam as the first line of defense against infiltration down the Ho Chi Minh trail through Laos and Cambodia and to preempt any offensive on the more populated lowlands.  Triple canopy jungles, extreme heat, and seasonal monsoons were constant challenges to the division as were the North Vietnamese Regulars and Viet Cong which they fought.  By the time the Ivy Division completed their assignment in Vietnam and returned to Fort Carson, Colorado at the end of 1970, 2,531 Ivy soldiers had been killed and 15,229 had been wounded.  Eleven Ivy division soldiers had earned the Medal of Honor during that time period.

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